Historic Garibaldi House & 55-79 Berkeley Street Row Houses

2020 - Looking northeast towards the historic Garibaldi House at 302 King St E and Berkeley St in the Old Town neighbourhood
2020 – Looking northeast towards the historic Garibaldi House at 302 King St E and Berkeley St in the Old Town neighbourhood

The former Garibaldi House is located at 302 King St E (at Berkeley St on the northeast corner) in the Old Town neighbourhood of Toronto.

The Garibaldi House – Built in 1859

Built in 1859 with a roughcast exterior, the tavern was operated by J Matthews. It’s situated on the bend of King St E. For travellers heading east, that jog in the road meant it was the last street heading out of Toronto. Before their journey, a traveller could stop there and rest. There were several inns and taverns in the area to ease the difficult horse ride across the province to Ottawa and beyond. For those travelling west, that bend in the road also meant they’d reached the gateway into Toronto. The tavern was named after Giuseppe Garibaldi, an Italian General. At some point, the building became home to the druggist, R. Oliver.

302 King St received heritage status in 1973. Today Neglia Design, a graphic design agency, occupies the historic property.

55-77 Berkeley Street Workmen’s Cottages

1971 - Looking towards the Garibaldi House and the Berkeley Street Row Houses from King St E
1971 – Looking towards the Garibaldi House and the Berkeley Street Row Houses from King St E

From 55 to 79 Berkeley St on the east side, between King and Adelaide Sts E, there is a row of 13 grey-stucco houses. These simple workmen’s cottages were constructed for John Irwin in 1871/72. They reflect the working-class character of the neighbourhood in the late 19th century. Their early occupants would have included labourers, distillers and machinists.

In 1969, architect Joan Burt renovated and restored the row houses. Ms Burt was the 21st woman to graduate from the University of Toronto’s architecture program (1956). She fought to save the historic structures and other heritage properties throughout the City. The row of houses received heritage status in 2011.

Across from them at the southwest corner of Berkeley St and Adelaide St E is the Alumnae Theatre Company, originally the Berkeley Street Fire Hall No. 4.

Did You Know?

Berkeley St was originally called Parliament St. In the late 1700s, it was home to the town of York’s first Parliament buildings (just south of where Front and Berkeley Sts cross today). Major John Small had a home at the southwest corner of King and Berkeley Sts. He named it the Berkeley House after the town he came from in England. It was demolished in 1925.

Garibaldi House & 55-79 Berkeley St Photos

1971 - King St E & Berkeley St, looking northeast
1971 – King St E & Berkeley St, looking northeast
2020 - Looking northeast towards the historic Garibaldi House at 302 King St E and Berkeley St in the Old Town neighbourhood
2020 – Looking northeast towards the historic Garibaldi House at 302 King St E and Berkeley St in the Old Town neighbourhood
2020 - 55-79 Berkeley St Row Houses
2020 – 55-79 Berkeley St Row Houses
1981 - 302 King St E & Berkeley St, looking east
1981 – 302 King St E & Berkeley St, looking east
1981 - 302 King St E reconstruction
1981 – 302 King St E reconstruction
1981 - 302 King St E reconstruction
1981 – 302 King St E reconstruction
1979 - 302 King St E & Berkeley St, looking east
1979 – 302 King St E & Berkeley St, looking east
1975 - King St E & Berkeley St
1975 – King St E & Berkeley St
2021 - Looking northeast towards the former Garibaldi House at the corner of King St E and Berkeley St, in the St Lawrence neighbourhood of Toronto
2021 – Looking northeast towards the former Garibaldi House at the corner of King St E and Berkeley St, in the St Lawrence neighbourhood of Toronto
2022 - Looking northeast towards the former Garibaldi House at the corner of King St E and Berkeley St, in the St Lawrence neighbourhood of Toronto. Today it’s home to Neglia Design, a graphic design agency
2022 – Looking northeast towards the former Garibaldi House at the corner of King St E and Berkeley St, in the St Lawrence neighbourhood of Toronto. Today it’s home to Neglia Design, a graphic design agency
1972 - Berkeley St & Adelaide St E, looking southeast
1972 – Berkeley St & Adelaide St E, looking southeast
1972-1985 - 55-79 Berkeley St Row Houses, looking northeast
1972-1985 – 55-79 Berkeley St Row Houses, looking northeast
Between 1972 and 1985 - Looking southeast towards 55-79 Berkeley St Row Houses from Adelaide St E
Between 1972 and 1985 – Looking southeast towards 55-79 Berkeley St Row Houses from Adelaide St E
1971 - Looking towards the Garibaldi House and the Berkeley Street Row Houses from King St E
1971 – Looking towards the Garibaldi House and the Berkeley Street Row Houses from King St E
1937 - Looking north from the rear of 55-79 Berkeley St Row Houses towards Adelaide St E in the Old Town neighbourhood
1937 – Looking north from the rear of 55-79 Berkeley St Row Houses towards Adelaide St E in the Old Town neighbourhood
2020 - Tavern and Druggist Shop once at King St E at Berkeley St, northeast corner (Heritage Toronto Plaque, 1859)
2020 – Tavern and Druggist Shop once at King St E at Berkeley St, northeast corner (Heritage Toronto Plaque, 1859)
1880 - Goad's Insurance Plan of the City of Toronto (Toronto Public Library)
1880 – Goad’s Insurance Plan of the City of Toronto (Toronto Public Library)
SOURCE
  • City of Toronto Heritage Register: 302 King St E
  • Toronto Star Newspaper Archives: Feb 17, 2009, pg GT3
  • Toronto Architecture: A City Guide by Patricia McHugh
  • Toronto Street Names: An Illustrated Guide to Their Origins by Leonard Wise & Allan Gould
  • Photos: Denise Marie for TorontoJourney416
  • Vintage Photos: City of Toronto Archives & Toronto Public Library