Casa Loma – Toronto’s Treasured, Majestic Castle on the Hill

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2020 – Looking north towards the Casa Loma from the gardens
2020 – Looking north towards the Casa Loma from the gardens

Casa Loma is located at ‪1 Austin Terrace (bordered by Davenport Rd, Walmer Rd and Spadina Park) in the aptly named Casa Loma neighbourhood of Toronto. The castle can also be reached via the Baldwin Steps.

The “Hill House” & the Pellatt’s

Sir Henry Pellatt built the magnificent home. Construction on Casa Loma began in 1910, and by 1913, the Pellatt’s moved into the not-quite-completed castle on the hill. Completed the following year, it took 300 men to build the 200,000-square-foot mansion at the cost of $3.5 million.

Sir Pellatt founded the Toronto Electric Light Company in 1883 when he was in his mid-20s and, with it, supplied street lighting and introduced streetcars to Toronto. He was also a philanthropist, successful stockbroker, and chairman of over 20 companies. Sir Pellatt developed hydroelectric power in Niagara Falls and received a knighthood for his 20 years of service as a commander in the Queen’s Own Rifles. His wife, Lady Mary, helped found the Girl Guides of Canada. Their fortunes allowed them to build the largest house in the country.

Casa Loma’s Architecture

1928 – Looking southeast towards the Casa Loma when it was a hotel. Notice the hotel sign on the front entrance
1928 – Looking southeast towards the Casa Loma when it was a hotel. Notice the hotel sign on the front entrance (City of Toronto Archives, Fonds 1266, Item 12724)

The Toronto landmark was designed by architect EJ Lennox with Medieval and early Renaissance architectural influences. The land was named by its previous owner, which means “Hill House” in Spanish. The 3-storey mansion has three towers, including a squared tower above the north entrance, around a 5-storey tower to the west and a spectacular stepped conical roof to the east. The elegant home also features turrets, balconies, bays, oriels, punctuated chimneys and a vast south terrace overlooking the ridged landscape.

The interior is just as grand with 96 rooms, including a Great Hall, library, drawing rooms, conservatory and billiards room. Surrounding the home is a striking stone fence.

Pellatt Lodge, the Stables & the Tunnel

2020 – Looking northwest towards the Casa Loma Stables at 330 Walmer Rd. They were built in 1906 and designed by renowned architect EJ Lennox, who also designed the Casa Loma
2020 – Looking northwest towards the Casa Loma Stables at 330 Walmer Rd. They were built in 1906 and designed by renowned architect EJ Lennox, who also designed the Casa Loma

In 1905, Sir Pellatt bought land from Albert Austin. It had served as Mr Austin’s private golf course. That same year, Pellatt hired EJ Lennox to design his lodge and stables located on the northwest corner of Austin Terrace and Walmer Rd. This north portion of the estate was built first in 1905/06.

Sir Henry and Lady Mary resided in the two-storey home across the street at 328 Walmer Rd, known as Pellatt Lodge. The residence was designed in the Period Revival style and complements Casa Loma. It was also from here that Sir Henry oversaw the construction of his castle.

The stables, carriage house and garage are located at 330 Walmer Rd and cost $250,000 (1906 value) to build. The stables have Spanish mahogany stalls and floors tiled in a herringbone pattern to prevent the horses from slipping. To this day, each stall has the name of Sir Pellatt’s beloved horses.

Casa Loma is connected to Pellatt Lodge and the stables by a 244 m or 800 ft long tunnel, which is 5.5 m or 18 ft under Austin Terrace. Casa Loma Parkette was once the location of the estate’s greenhouses.

The Fall of Toronto’s Camelot

Sir Pellatt wanted to expand Casa Loma but fell into debt due to the slumping economy, World War I, poor land speculation decisions, and more. There was no choice but to auction off their valued possessions to pay taxes due to the city. In 1924, they left Casa Loma for their farm in King Township. Sir Henry Mill Pellatt passed away in 1939. Held in great respect, the Major General was given one of Toronto’s largest military funerals, with thousands lining the streets to witness his procession.

Casa Loma After Sir Pellatt

Casa Loma was converted to a hotel and operated from 1926 to 1929. In 1933, the city took ownership because of the more than $27,300 owing in taxes. It remained vacant until 1937, when The Kiwanis Club of West Toronto took over, and the historic property was run as a tourist attraction until 2011.

Today, Liberty Entertainment Group operates the city-owned gem. The spectacular castle welcomes over 600,000 visitors every year. It’s open for tours, dining, private events, film/TV/photoshoots and much more. There’s also a room dedicated to The Group of Seven, which includes artwork by its founder, J.E.H. MacDonald.

Did You Know?

  • There is an unfinished pool in the basement of Casa Loma. Today, it’s a state-of-the-art screening theatre.
  • EJ Lennox was also the architect behind many of the city’s landmarks, including Old City Hall, the King Edward Hotel and the Bank of Toronto Building (Yonge St, south of Shuter St).
  • When Casa Loma was a hotel, there were plans to add two large wings on the east and west sides that would house 96 suites and 56 rooms each; however, the wings were never built.
  • In 1944, under the greatest possible secrecy, the United Kingdom’s Royal Navy had a factory in the stables to assemble ASDIC (Anti-Submarine Detection Investigation Committee). It was an early form of sonar. This system was crucial during battles in the Atlantic Ocean during World War II. The assembly plant was kept secret until after the war had ended.
  • In 1973, Casa Loma was included on Heritage Toronto’s initial induction list. Pellatt Lodge and the stables were added in 1975.
  • More than 650,000 people visit Casa Loma and its gardens every year.

Casa Loma Photos

 1963 - Looking southwest towards Casa Loma
1963 – Looking southwest towards Casa Loma (City of Toronto Archives, Fonds 1567, Series 648, File 150, Item 2)
November 4, 2023 – Looking southeast from Austin Terrace towards the front of the Casa Loma. It took 300 men to build the 200,000-square-foot mansion at the cost of $3.5 million
November 4, 2023 – Looking southeast from Austin Terrace towards the front of the Casa Loma. It took 300 men to build the 200,000-square-foot mansion at the cost of $3.5 million
1911 – The Casa Loma is located at ‪1 Austin Terrace, bordered by Davenport Rd, Walmer Rd and Spadina Park in the aptly named Casa Loma neighbourhood of Toronto
1911 – The Casa Loma is located at ‪1 Austin Terrace, bordered by Davenport Rd, Walmer Rd and Spadina Park in the aptly named Casa Loma neighbourhood of Toronto (City of Toronto Archives, Fonds 1244, Item 4094)
2020 – Looking north towards the Casa Loma from the gardens
2020 – Looking north towards the Casa Loma from the gardens
2020 - Looking southeast towards the front entrance of the Casa Loma. Construction on Casa Loma began in 1910, and by 1913, the Pellatt's moved into the not-quite-completed castle on the hill
2020 – Looking southeast towards the front entrance of the Casa Loma. Construction on Casa Loma began in 1910, and by 1913, the Pellatt’s moved into the not-quite-completed castle on the hill
Circa 1920 - Looking southeast from the tower of the stables at 330 Walmer Rd towards Casa Loma
Circa 1920 – Looking southeast from the tower of the stables at 330 Walmer Rd towards Casa Loma (City of Toronto Archives, Fonds 1244, Item 4030)
2019 -  Looking southwest towards Casa Loma. The Toronto landmark was designed by architect EJ Lennox with Medieval and early Renaissance architectural influences
2019 – Looking southwest towards Casa Loma. The Toronto landmark was designed by architect EJ Lennox with Medieval and early Renaissance architectural influences
2020 - Looking south from Casa Loma's Norman Tower towards a view of the Toronto skyline
2020 – Looking south from Casa Loma’s Norman Tower towards a view of the Toronto skyline
1963 - Casa Loma at Christmas. The Kiwanis Club of West Toronto took over the historic property in 1937 and operated it as a tourist attraction until 2011
1963 – Casa Loma at Christmas. The Kiwanis Club of West Toronto took over the historic property in 1937 and operated it as a tourist attraction until 2011 (City of Toronto Archives, Fonds 1567, Series 648, File 150, Item 3)
2020 - The Great Hall at the Casa Loma
2020 – The Great Hall at the Casa Loma
Circa 1913 - The Library at Casa Loma
Circa 1913 – The Library at Casa Loma (City of Toronto Archives, Fonds 1244, Item 4060)
Circa 1914 - The Library at Casa Loma
Circa 1914 – The Library at Casa Loma (City of Toronto Archives, Fonds 1244, Item 4124)
1976 - Dancers at the Gooderham & Worts dinner and dance at Casa Loma
1976 – Dancers at the Gooderham & Worts dinner and dance at Casa Loma (City of Toronto Archives, Fonds 1257, Series 1057, Item 6152)
2020 - The Library at Casa Loma
2020 – The Library at Casa Loma
Circa 1914 - Guests in the Palm Room, today known as the Conservatory, at Casa Loma
Circa 1914 – Guests in the Palm Room, today known as the Conservatory, at Casa Loma (City of Toronto Archives, Fonds 1244, Item 4073)
2020 - The Palm Room/Conservatory at Casa Loma
2020 – The Palm Room/Conservatory at Casa Loma
1953 - Looking east from the parking lot at Casa Loma
1953 – Looking east from the parking lot at Casa Loma (Toronto Public Library R-6763)
Circa 1914 - Peacock Alley at Casa Loma
Circa 1914 – Peacock Alley at Casa Loma (City of Toronto Archives, Fonds 1244, Item 4127)
2020 - The Round Room at Casa Loma is perfectly rounded as it fits into the base of the Norman Tower
2020 – The Round Room at Casa Loma is perfectly rounded as it fits into the base of the Norman Tower
1981 - The bed in the Windsor Guestroom dates back to the 19th century and made out of walnut. The bedposts are adorned with intricately carved cherubs and dolphins
1981 – The bed in the Windsor Guestroom dates back to the 19th century and made out of walnut. The bedposts are adorned with intricately carved cherubs and dolphins (City of Toronto Archives, Fonds 124, File 8, ID 147)
2020 - The Windsor Guestroom at Casa Loma was named after the Royal Family. The bed dates to the 19th century and is made of walnut. It features carved cherubs and dolphins on the bedposts
2020 – The Windsor Guestroom at Casa Loma was named after the Royal Family. The bed dates to the 19th century and is made of walnut. It features carved cherubs and dolphins on the bedposts
2020 – Servant's quarters at the Casa Loma
2020 – Servant’s quarters at the Casa Loma
1917 - Lady Pellatt's suite at Casa Loma
1917 – Lady Pellatt’s suite at Casa Loma (City of Toronto Archives, Fonds 1244, Item 4066)
Circa 1929 – When the Casa Loma was being used as a hotel, Lady Pellatt's former suite contained a billiard table
Circa 1929 – When the Casa Loma was being used as a hotel, Lady Pellatt’s former suite contained a billiard table (City of Toronto Archives, Fonds 1244, Item 4067)
2020 - Lady Pellatt's suite at Casa Loma
2020 – Lady Pellatt’s suite at Casa Loma
2020 - Sir Henry Pellatt's suite at Casa Loma
2020 – Sir Henry Pellatt’s suite at Casa Loma
2020 - Sir Henry Pellatt's bathroom at Casa Loma
2020 – Sir Henry Pellatt’s bathroom at Casa Loma
2020 - A room dedicated to The Group of Seven, which includes artwork by its founder, J.E.H. MacDonald
2020 – A room dedicated to The Group of Seven, which includes artwork by its founder, J.E.H. MacDonald
2020 –  A guest suite on the second floor at the Casa Loma. The room is done in what is known as the Chinoiserie style
2020 – A guest suite on the second floor at the Casa Loma. The room is done in what is known as the Chinoiserie style
2020 – Quad gang push-button light switch at the Casa Loma
2020 – Quad gang push-button light switch at the Casa Loma
2020 – An antique Kellogg candlestick phone at Casa Loma
2020 – An antique Kellogg candlestick phone at Casa Loma
2020 - The stairway up to the Norman Tower at Casa Loma
2020 – The stairway up to the Norman Tower at Casa Loma
2020 - The beautiful Medieval towers, turrets and architecture of Casa Loma
2020 – The beautiful Medieval towers, turrets and architecture of Casa Loma
2020 - The Scottish Tower at Casa Loma
2020 – The Scottish Tower at Casa Loma
March 23, 1915 - Looking northwest towards the Casa Loma from Spadina Rd just north of Dupont St
March 23, 1915 – Looking northwest towards the Casa Loma from Spadina Rd just north of Dupont St (City of Toronto Archives, Fonds 1231, Item 1362)
January 2024 – Looking northwest from Spadina Rd just north of Dupont St with the Casa Loma in the background
January 2024 – Looking northwest from Spadina Rd just north of Dupont St with the Casa Loma in the background
November 4, 2023 – Looking southwest toward the Casa Loma, meaning the "House on the Hill"
November 4, 2023 – Looking southwest toward the Casa Loma, meaning the “House on the Hill”
February 16, 1928 – Looking southeast towards the Casa Loma when it was a hotel. Notice the hotel sign on the front entrance
February 16, 1928 – Looking southeast towards the Casa Loma when it was a hotel. Notice the hotel sign on the front entrance (City of Toronto Archives, Fonds 1266, Item 12724)
Circa 1927 – One of the guest rooms at the Casa Loma hotel
Circa 1927 – One of the guest rooms at the Casa Loma hotel (City of Toronto Archives, Fonds 1244, Item 4133)
Circa 1937 - Kiwanis Club of West Toronto operated the Casa Loma as a tourist attraction until 2011
Circa 1937 – Kiwanis Club of West Toronto operated the Casa Loma as a tourist attraction until 2011 (City of Toronto Archives, Fonds 1244, Item 4019)
1963 – Looking southeast towards Casa Loma at Christmas
1963 – Looking southeast towards Casa Loma at Christmas (City of Toronto Archives, Fonds 1567, Series 648, File 150, Item 1)
1963 - Looking southeast towards Casa Loma at Christmas time
1963 – Looking southeast towards Casa Loma at Christmas time (City of Toronto Archives, Series 648, File 150, ID 5)
November 4, 2023 – Looking southeast toward the Casa Loma
November 4, 2023 – Looking southeast toward the Casa Loma
1940 - Looking northwest towards the Casa Loma from the garden
1940 – Looking northwest towards the Casa Loma from the garden (Toronto Public Library R-6764)
2020 – Looking northwest towards the Casa Loma from the garden
2020 – Looking northwest towards the Casa Loma from the garden
November 4, 2023 – Casa Loma's Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud
November 4, 2023 – Casa Loma’s Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud
1976 - Organist at Gooderham & Worts dinner and dance at Casa Loma. The Organ is located in the great hall
1976 – Organist at Gooderham & Worts dinner and dance at Casa Loma. The Organ is located in the great hall (City of Toronto Archives, Fonds 1257, Series 1057, Item 6183)
2019 - The Wurlitzer Theatre Pipe Organ in Casa Loma's Great Hall. In 1923, the organ was originally installed at Shea's Hippodrome Theatre, which was once on the west side of Bay St, between Queen St W and Hagerman St. The organ was moved to Maple Leaf Gardens in 1957 before finding a home at Casa Loma
2019 – The Wurlitzer Theatre Pipe Organ in Casa Loma’s Great Hall. In 1923, the organ was originally installed at Shea’s Hippodrome Theatre, which was once on the west side of Bay St, between Queen St W and Hagerman St. The organ was moved to Maple Leaf Gardens in 1957 before finding a home at Casa Loma
2019 - The plaque reads:

Casa Loma Wurlitzer Theatre Pipe Organ

"This exceptional organ was built in 1923 and installed in Shea's Hippodrome Theatre in Toronto at a cost of $55,000. With the demolition of the theatre in 1957 it was moved to Maple Leaf Gardens and enjoyed there until 1964.

To ensure against its destruction and discard, a dedicated group, the Toronto Theatre Organ Society, invested their personal finances, time and talent in rebuilding the organ into the old organ chambers at Casa Loma. This work required three years to complete and a great deal of ingenuity and skill on their part.

The Kiwanis Club of West Toronto and the City of Toronto are also recognized for their part in the restoration of exceptional instrument. The inaugural concert at Casa Loma was given February 12, 1974 by Mr. Dennis James."

The plaque is located on the wall of the great hall in Casa Loma
2019 – The plaque reads:

Casa Loma Wurlitzer Theatre Pipe Organ

“This exceptional organ was built in 1923 and installed in Shea’s Hippodrome Theatre in Toronto at a cost of $55,000. With the demolition of the theatre in 1957 it was moved to Maple Leaf Gardens and enjoyed there until 1964.

To ensure against its destruction and discard, a dedicated group, the Toronto Theatre Organ Society, invested their personal finances, time and talent in rebuilding the organ into the old organ chambers at Casa Loma. This work required three years to complete and a great deal of ingenuity and skill on their part.

The Kiwanis Club of West Toronto and the City of Toronto are also recognized for their part in the restoration of exceptional instrument. The inaugural concert at Casa Loma was given February 12, 1974 by Mr. Dennis James.”

The plaque is located on the wall of the great hall in Casa Loma
2020 - When Casa Loma was completed, it was connected to the stables by a 244 m or 800 ft long tunnel. The tunnel is 5.5 m or 18 ft under Austin Terrace
2020 – When Casa Loma was completed, it was connected to the stables by a 244 m or 800 ft long tunnel. The tunnel is 5.5 m or 18 ft under Austin Terrace
Between 1914 and 1934 - Casa Loma Stables with mahogany stalls and herringbone-pattern tiled floors
Between 1914 and 1934 – Casa Loma Stables with mahogany stalls and herringbone-pattern tiled floors (City of Toronto Archives, Fonds 1568, Item 371)
2020 - Casa Loma Belle's stall. To this day, each stall has the name of Sir Pellatt’s beloved horses
2020 – Casa Loma Belle’s stall. To this day, each stall has the name of Sir Pellatt’s beloved horses
1920 - Looking southeast towards a rider on Casa Loma's stable grounds on Walmer Rd, with the Casa Loma in the background
1920 – Looking southeast towards a rider on Casa Loma’s stable grounds on Walmer Rd, with the Casa Loma in the background (Toronto Public Library R-6766)
2020 – Looking northwest towards the Casa Loma stables at 330 Walmer Rd. They were built in 1906 and designed by renowned architect EJ Lennox, who also designed the Casa Loma
2020 – Looking northwest towards the Casa Loma stables at 330 Walmer Rd. They were built in 1906 and designed by renowned architect EJ Lennox, who also designed the Casa Loma
1952 - Casa Loma garage entrance at the stables. Notice the roof was once clad with terracotta tiles
1952 – Casa Loma garage entrance at the stables. Notice the roof was once clad with terracotta tiles (Toronto Public Library R-4927)
2020 - Casa Loma garage entrance at the stables
2020 – Casa Loma garage entrance at the stables
Circa 1910 - A postcard featuring Casa Loma's gardens, Pellatt Lodge, greenhouses and stables
Circa 1910 – A postcard featuring Casa Loma’s gardens, Pellatt Lodge, greenhouses and stables (Toronto Public Library PC_3011)
January 2024 –  Looking northwest towards the Pellatt Lodge in the left foreground with Casa Loma Parkette and the stables in the background
January 2024 – Looking northwest towards the Pellatt Lodge in the left foreground with Casa Loma Parkette and the stables in the background
Circa 1913 – Looking northwest from Casa Loma tower towards Walmer Rd, the greenhouses and stables. A portion of the Pellatt Lodge is visible in the foreground on the left. It was where Sir Henry Pellatt lived while Casa Loma was being built
Circa 1913 – Looking northwest from Casa Loma tower towards Walmer Rd, the greenhouses and stables. A portion of the Pellatt Lodge is visible in the foreground on the left. It was where Sir Henry Pellatt lived while Casa Loma was being built (City of Toronto Archives, Fonds 1244, Item 4101)
November 4, 2023 – Casa Loma Parkette with the garage and the stables in the background
November 4, 2023 – Casa Loma Parkette with the garage and the stables in the background
November 4, 2023 – Looking north towards the Casa Loma stables decorated for Halloween
November 4, 2023 – Looking north towards the Casa Loma stables decorated for Halloween
2020 – The turrets on the tower at Casa Loma's stables
2020 – The turrets on the tower at Casa Loma’s stables
November 4, 2023 – Looking northwest from Walmer Rd towards the Casa Loma stables. In 1944, under the greatest possible secrecy, the United Kingdom’s Royal Navy had a factory in the stables to assemble ASDIC (Anti-Submarine Detection Investigation Committee). It was an early form of sonar. This system was crucial during battles in the Atlantic Ocean during World War II
November 4, 2023 – Looking northwest from Walmer Rd towards the Casa Loma stables. In 1944, under the greatest possible secrecy, the United Kingdom’s Royal Navy had a factory in the stables to assemble ASDIC (Anti-Submarine Detection Investigation Committee). It was an early form of sonar. This system was crucial during battles in the Atlantic Ocean during World War II
November 4, 2023 – Looking southwest from Walmer Rd towards the Casa Loma stables. The structure was designed by architect EJ Lennox in the Period Revival style. The picturesque building features elaborate towers, chimneys and turrets
November 4, 2023 – Looking southwest from Walmer Rd towards the Casa Loma stables. The structure was designed by architect EJ Lennox in the Period Revival style. The picturesque building features elaborate towers, chimneys and turrets
2020 – Casa Loma stables at 330 Walmer Rd was built in 1906 as part of the Casa Loma estate
2020 – Casa Loma stables at 330 Walmer Rd was built in 1906 as part of the Casa Loma estate
November 11, 1913 – Looking north on Walmer Rd from Davenport Rd. The Pellatt Lodge is visible in the distance on the right, with the Casa Loma stables further in the background
November 11, 1913 – Looking north on Walmer Rd from Davenport Rd. The Pellatt Lodge is visible in the distance on the right, with the Casa Loma stables further in the background (City of Toronto Archives, Fonds 1231, Item 1778)
2022 - The heritage plaque reads:

Casa Loma Stables

“In 1905 Sir Henry Pellatt purchased land which had been the private golf course of Albert Austin of nearby Spadina. The following year, anticipating construction of Casa Loma, he hired E.J. Lennox to design and build these stables, estimated to have cost $250,000. The stalls were made of Spanish mahogany and the floors were covered in tiles set in a zig-zag pattern so that the horses would not slip. When the main castle was completed, it was connected to the stables by a tunnel. Here, in 1944, in utmost secrecy, the Royal Navy placed an assembly plant for ASDIC, an early form of sonar which was vital in the battles of the Atlantic. The existence of this factory was disclosed only after the Second World War had ended.”

Toronto Historical Board, 1991
2022 – The heritage plaque reads:

Casa Loma Stables

“In 1905 Sir Henry Pellatt purchased land which had been the private golf course of Albert Austin of nearby Spadina. The following year, anticipating construction of Casa Loma, he hired E.J. Lennox to design and build these stables, estimated to have cost $250,000. The stalls were made of Spanish mahogany and the floors were covered in tiles set in a zig-zag pattern so that the horses would not slip. When the main castle was completed, it was connected to the stables by a tunnel. Here, in 1944, in utmost secrecy, the Royal Navy placed an assembly plant for ASDIC, an early form of sonar which was vital in the battles of the Atlantic. The existence of this factory was disclosed only after the Second World War had ended.”

Toronto Historical Board, 1991
August 19, 2009 - Pellatt Lodge, at the northwest corner of Walmer Rd and Austin Terrace, was built in 1905 for Sir Henry Pellatt. He lived at the lodge while Casa Loma was being constructed
August 19, 2009 – Pellatt Lodge, at the northwest corner of Walmer Rd and Austin Terrace, was built in 1905 for Sir Henry Pellatt. He lived at the lodge while Casa Loma was being constructed (City of Toronto Archives, Fonds 219, Series 2311, File 2829, Item 1)
Circa 1925 - Looking northeast from Walmer Rd and Austin Terrace towards Casa Loma's Pellatt Lodge
Circa 1925 – Looking northeast from Walmer Rd and Austin Terrace towards Casa Loma’s Pellatt Lodge (Toronto Public Library 2015-2-15)
1909 – Sir Henry Pellatt (at the back of the car) in front of Pellatt Lodge at 328 Walmer Rd. The two-storey residence was built in 1905 and was where Sir Pellatt lived during Casa Loma's construction. The lodge, along with the stables and Casa Loma, was designed by architect EJ Lennox
1909 – Sir Henry Pellatt (at the back of the car) in front of Pellatt Lodge at 328 Walmer Rd. The two-storey residence was built in 1905 and was where Sir Pellatt lived during Casa Loma’s construction. The lodge, along with the stables and Casa Loma, was designed by architect EJ Lennox (City of Toronto Archives, Fonds 1244, Item 4011)
January 2024 –  Looking northwest towards the Pellatt Lodge, at the corner of Walmer Rd and Austin Terrace
January 2024 – Looking northwest towards the Pellatt Lodge, at the corner of Walmer Rd and Austin Terrace
Circa 1890 - Sir Henry Mill Pellatt (1859-1939). Along with building Casa Loma, he was a philanthropist, businessman, chairman of over 20 companies and a Commanding Officer in the Queen's Own Rifles
Circa 1890 – Sir Henry Mill Pellatt (1859-1939). Along with building Casa Loma, he was a philanthropist, businessman, chairman of over 20 companies and a Commanding Officer in the Queen’s Own Rifles (Toronto Public Library OHQ-PICTURES-S-R-690)
Between 1910 and 1916 - Sir Henry Pellatt at a military function at the former University Avenue Armouries
Between 1910 and 1916 – Sir Henry Pellatt at a military function at the former University Avenue Armouries (City of Toronto Archives, Fonds 1244, Item 4025)
Circa 1937 – Sir Henry Pellatt signs the Casa Loma guest book
Circa 1937 – Sir Henry Pellatt signs the Casa Loma guest book (City of Toronto Archives, Fonds 1244, Item 4138)
August 11, 1938 - Sir Henry Pellatt views his portrait at Casa Loma. Sir Henry Pellatt was invited to his former home by the Kiwanis Club of West Toronto as a luncheon guest of honour
August 11, 1938 – Sir Henry Pellatt views his portrait at Casa Loma. Sir Henry Pellatt was invited to his former home by the Kiwanis Club of West Toronto as a luncheon guest of honour (City of Toronto Archives, Fonds 1244, Item 4014)
1939 - The funeral of Major General Sir Henry Pellatt at the University Ave Armouries
1939 – The funeral of Major General Sir Henry Pellatt at the University Ave Armouries (City of Toronto Archives, Fonds 1244, Item 4001)
2022 - The heritage plaque reads: 

Sir Henry Mill Pellatt  
1859-1939 

"At the peak of his dramatic career, Sir Henry Mill Pellatt was one of Canada's most powerful businessmen. An ambitious financier who became wealthy through bold investments in electricity, real estate, and mining, Pellatt helped to bring electric street lights to Toronto and to develop the first Canadian hydroelectric generating station at Niagara Falls. 

In 1901, Pellatt became commanding officer of The Queen's Own Rifles, a militia regiment he had joined at the age of 17. His leadership of this regiment and his role in the development of electric power in Ontario earned him a knighthood in 1905. In 1913, Pellatt and his wife Mary moved into Casa Loma, designed for them by architect E.J. Lennox. It was one of North America's grandest residences. Ten years later, the Pellatts were forced to leave after failed investments severely reduced their wealth. 

Major General Sir Henry Mill Pellatt died in 1939, and was honoured with one of Toronto's largest military funerals." 

Heritage Toronto 2009
2022 – The heritage plaque reads:

Sir Henry Mill Pellatt
1859-1939

“At the peak of his dramatic career, Sir Henry Mill Pellatt was one of Canada’s most powerful businessmen. An ambitious financier who became wealthy through bold investments in electricity, real estate, and mining, Pellatt helped to bring electric street lights to Toronto and to develop the first Canadian hydroelectric generating station at Niagara Falls.

In 1901, Pellatt became commanding officer of The Queen’s Own Rifles, a militia regiment he had joined at the age of 17. His leadership of this regiment and his role in the development of electric power in Ontario earned him a knighthood in 1905. In 1913, Pellatt and his wife Mary moved into Casa Loma, designed for them by architect E.J. Lennox. It was one of North America’s grandest residences. Ten years later, the Pellatts were forced to leave after failed investments severely reduced their wealth.

Major General Sir Henry Mill Pellatt died in 1939, and was honoured with one of Toronto’s largest military funerals.”

Heritage Toronto 2009
2019 - The plaque reads:

Casa Loma and the Pellatts

“Of all the grand houses ever built on this escarpment, Casa Loma is the grandest. Meaning “House (on the) Hill,” it was the romantic vision of industrialist Sir Henry Pellatt (1859-1939). 

Pellatt made his fortune harnessing the power of Niagara Falls to electrify the streets and homes of Toronto. A flamboyant entrepreneur, he was fascinated by the middle ages. Pellatt was knighted in 1905 as patron and commander of the Queen’s Own Rifles, a Canadian militia regiment. His towered mansion designed by architect E. J. Lennox in 1909 is an extravagant medieval fantasy. At 98 rooms, it is Canada’s largest house. 

The Pellatt’s moved into Casa Loma in 1913 and lived there for eleven years. In 1924, faced with severe financial setbacks, Pellatt was forced to sell his cherished home. After an unsuccessful attempt as an apartment-hotel, in 1937 this landmark was taken over by the West Toronto Kiwanis Club who continue to manage the castle as a popular tourist attraction.”
2019 – The plaque reads:
 
Casa Loma and the Pellatts

“Of all the grand houses ever built on this escarpment, Casa Loma is the grandest. Meaning “House (on the) Hill,” it was the romantic vision of industrialist Sir Henry Pellatt (1859-1939).

Pellatt made his fortune harnessing the power of Niagara Falls to electrify the streets and homes of Toronto. A flamboyant entrepreneur, he was fascinated by the middle ages. Pellatt was knighted in 1905 as patron and commander of the Queen’s Own Rifles, a Canadian militia regiment. His towered mansion designed by architect E. J. Lennox in 1909 is an extravagant medieval fantasy. At 98 rooms, it is Canada’s largest house.

The Pellatt’s moved into Casa Loma in 1913 and lived there for eleven years. In 1924, faced with severe financial setbacks, Pellatt was forced to sell his cherished home. After an unsuccessful attempt as an apartment-hotel, in 1937 this landmark was taken over by the West Toronto Kiwanis Club who continue to manage the castle as a popular tourist attraction.”
SOURCE

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